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Departments » Health & Human Services-Public Health » Immunizations

What side effects can I expect?

Common side effects of many vaccines include redness, soreness, or swelling where the shot was given. You can check for other side effects by looking at the specific Vaccine Information Statement (VIS) for the vaccine you or your child will be getting.

Vaccine Information Statements (VIS) – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

How is it determined which vaccinations children need?

The recommended vaccines are those that have become available (not all diseases are vaccine-preventable) to prevent diseases that have caused serious illness, hospitalization, and death in the past, still exist, and have the potential to cause illness, hospitalization, and death if people stop immunizing.

Is it safe for my child to get so many shots?

Yes. Studies show that children’s bodies—even infants—can handle many shots at once. Having several vaccines at once is safe, even for a newborn. Combination vaccines protect your child against more than one disease with a single shot. It's not your imagination; there are greater numbers of shots now than even a few years ago. That's because as science advances, we are able to protect your child against more diseases than ever before.

For more information, check out one of these websites:

The Facts About Childhood Vaccines, Q&A, Volume 8, Winter 2015 – The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Vaccinate Your Baby Video FAQs – Every Child by Two (ECBT)

Infant Immunizations FAQs – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

What comfort measures can I use after my child receives a vaccine?
  • Cool compress and encouraging movement for sore extremity.
  • Lukewarm bath for pain and fever.
  • Hold and cuddle the child.
  • If necessary, check with M.D. about pain/fever relievers.
“After the Shots” – Immunization Action Coalition

Should I give my child painkillers, like Tylenol, before receiving vaccines?

Parents should check with their child’s physician before using any painkillers or fever-reducing medications.

Does my adolescent need shots? Do adults need shots?

YES! Although the majority of immunizations are given in early childhood, there are several vaccines recommended for adolescents 11-18 years of age. All adults should have a yearly flu shot and have an initial dose of Tdap with a Td booster every 10 years. This is especially important for adults around infants.

Click on the links below to see what is recommended for your age group!!

Summary of Recommendations for Adult Immunization – Immunization Action Coalition

Summary of Recommendations for Child/Teen Immunization – Immunization Action Coalition

Recommended Vaccinations Indicated for Adults Based on Medical and Other Indications – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

What vaccines do my kids need for their grade level?

Student Immunization Law Age/Grade Requirements - Wisconsin Immunization Program-Wisconsin Dept. of Health Services

I have been informed by my child’s school that immunizations are needed. The notice indicated my child could be excluded from school or that I could be fined up to $25.00 a day if I don’t produce evidence that the immunizations were received. What should I do?

Health care providers and school officials encourage parents to get their children immunized in late spring or early summer to avoid delays in getting needed immunizations. Schedule an appointment with your child’s physician or the Public Health Division as soon as possible. When you have an appointment, inform your child’s school of the date he/she will be immunized. Be sure to return the completed notice to the school once the immunizations have been given; include the vaccine received and the date given.

Is there anything I can do so my child doesn’t need shots for school?

Sign a personal conviction waiver. However, if you do this and there is an outbreak for a specific disease that is vaccine preventable, the child will be excluded from school until either the outbreak is over or your child is immunized.

How is the schedule of the shots determined?

The Recommended Immunization Schedules for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 Years are approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians. The ages at which people are vaccinated are determined by two things: when they’re most at risk for the disease and when their immune system is able to respond to the vaccine.

What about alternative schedules?

According to Paul A. Offit, M.D.: The CDC schedule is very well-tested and there’s no benefit in spreading things out, because when you start to spread things out, you’re only increasing the period of time during which children are susceptible to those diseases without benefit.

Vaccinate Your Baby Video FAQs – Every Child by Two (ECBT)

Immunization Courses: Broadcasts, Webcasts, and Self Study – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

How do I know what shots my child needs?

There are immunization schedules that may help. If you need additional assistance, make sure you bring in your child’s immunization record. A health professional at the clinic will assist you. You can call the Public Health Division at 448-6400 to speak to a nurse if you have questions.

What shots are available at the Brown County Public Health Division?

DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, Td (tetanus and diphtheria), Tdap (Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis), IPV (inactivated polio), MMR (measles, mumps, rubella), Varivax (varicella or chickenpox), RotaTeq (rotavirus), Prevnar (pneumococcal), Hib (haemophilus influenzae type b), Menveo (meningococcal), Gardasil (HPV or human papillomavirus), hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and flu.

Vaccines Available Through the Brown County Public Health Division

What if I can’t accompany my child who is under age 18?

It is highly desirable for a parent or guardian to be present when a child gets immunizations. However, we recognize that there may be circumstances when this is not possible. The Public Health Division is required to have a parent’s or guardian’s INFORMED consent to provide immunizations. Therefore it is necessary for the individual authorizing the immunizations to review the Vaccine Information Statement for each type of vaccine their child is given and also complete a Public Health Division Consent Form. Both can be found on this website.

Vaccine Information Statements - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Consent Forms for Immunizations at Brown County Public Health Division Clinics

Are there any preservatives in the vaccines?

Thimerosal, the most commonly used preservative, has been removed from most childhood vaccines. The exception might be flu vaccine depending on what kind of vaccine is administered. The following website has more information on preservatives:

Thimerosal: What you should know, Q&A, Volume 3, Spring 2012 - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Vaccine Ingredients: What you should know, Q&A, Volume 3, Summer 2016 – The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Where can I get single antigen MMR vaccine for my baby?

Measles, mumps, and rubella are not available as single vaccines. The only way the vaccine is made is the combined MMR.

Do vaccines cause autism?

Many parents have heard claims that vaccines cause autism. The most common and specific claims are that autism stems from the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine or from vaccines that contain the preservative thimerosal. Many large studies have been conducted to investigate these specific concerns, but no link has ever been found between vaccines and autism. The fear that vaccines might cause autism is a dangerous myth. Much scientific research has been devoted to this topic. The result has been an ever-increasing and uniformly reassuring body of evidence that childhood vaccination is, in fact, entirely unrelated to the development of autism.

The Facts About Childhood Vaccines, Q&A, Volume 8, Winter 2015 - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Evidence Shows Vaccines Unrelated to Autism - Immunization Action Coalition

Thimerosal: What you should know, Q&A, Volume 3, Spring 2012 - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Questions Parents Ask About Vaccinations for Babies - Immunization Action Coalition

I received hepatitis B vaccine over 10 years ago. Do I need a booster?

There is no evidence that a booster is needed, nor is there a recommendation for a booster dose of hepatitis B vaccine.

If my child gets a rash after the chickenpox vaccine, can the rash spread disease to others?

Individuals that develop a rash after chickenpox vaccine may have a small potential for transmitting vaccine virus to others. Generally such transmissions result in very mild illness in healthy contacts. It is recommended that if a rash develops, the immunized individual limits contact with people that have immunosuppressing conditions such as undergoing treatment for cancer, HIV infections, etc.

Is there a charge for the vaccines?

A donation of $5.00 per dose of vaccine may be requested to cover part of the cost of supplies and vaccine administration; however, vaccine will be given regardless of ability to pay. The Brown County Public Health Division purchases some adult vaccines, so, in most cases, there is a fee for flu vaccine for individuals 19 years of age and older. Please follow the link below for the fee schedule.

Vaccines Available Through the Brown County Public Health Division

I need a TB skin test. Can I get one through the Public Health Division?

Brown County Public Health Division offers the TB blood test (T-SPOT) and the TB skin test.


TB Blood Test: This test is the only TB test with a sensitivity and specificity greater than 95%. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the T-SPOT®.TB blood test over the TST in all situations requiring TB testing. The TB blood test requires only one trip to the Public Health Division. Results will be sent to you in the mail, typically within one week.

TB Skin Test: Separate appointments are needed for the administration and the reading of the test. Appointments for the administration of TB skin tests are available on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays. TB SKIN TESTS ARE NOT AVAILABLE ON THURSDAYS! The skin test must be read by the Public Health Division staff within 48-72 hours. A TB skin test can be given on the same day as a live virus vaccine (e.g., MMR, chickenpox, FluMist) or at least 4 weeks after the administration of the live virus vaccine. In this way a false negative is avoided.

If the TB skin test is positive, you will be referred to your provider for additional follow-up. (A TB blood test will be needed that same day a skin test is read positive. If not, a 3-6 month interval between the TB skin test and blood test is recommended to prevent a false positive.)

Two-step TB Skin Tests: Those required to have two-step skin testing need to arrange to come in for two TB skin tests. If the first TB skin test is negative, then a second TB skin test would need to be given 7-21 days after the first test. There is a $20 fee for each TB skin test.

Most agencies will accept one TB blood test in place of the two-step skin test.

Cost per test: T-SPOT®.TB Test (T-Spot) - $70.00
Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) - $20.00

We accept cash, check, or credit/debit card. The Public Health Division does not accept private insurance, but we can bill for BadgerCare/MA for TB skin tests. The TB blood test is covered by Medical Assistance and most insurance companies.
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